Defined as a symptomatic (mediastinal abscess, mediastinitis, or bilious chest drainage) or asymptomatic (diagnosed by water-soluble contrast swallow or endoscopy) intrathoracic anastomosis disruption
Delayed gastric emptying
Defined as ongoing vomiting after nasogastric tube removal, despite prokinetic treatment, requiring nasogastric tube replacement
Major postoperative pulmonary complications
Defined as a bronchial plug with atelectasis requiring bronchoscopy in absence of pyrexia and leucocytosis
Defined as the inability of a patient to maintain a PaO2 more than 60 mmHg or PaCO2 less than 55 mmHg, requiring intubation and assisted ventilation
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Defined as severe hypoxia (PaO2/FiO2 less than 200), diffuse bilateral pulmonary infiltration and pulmonary wedge pressure less than 18mmHg
Acute lung injury
The presence of PaO2/FiO2 200-300 is considered ARDS
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